US travel bans came too late for New York City, CDC study finds

Discussion in 'Politics and Debate' started by jessvill1, Oct 13, 2020.

  1. jessvill1

    jessvill1 Newbie

    Oct 12, 2020
    Likes Received:
    Travel bans meant to stop the coronavirus from getting to the US from China and Europe came too late, according to a new analysis of cases from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    The US restricted travel from China on February 2 and from Europe on March 13, but by March 8, Covid-19 was already circulating among the community in New York City and, by March 15, community transmission of the virus was already widespread, the analysis found.

    What was circulating most closely matched the strain of the virus circulating in Europe, not China, which President Donald Trump has repeatedly blamed for not preventing its spread to the US.

    By the time the Trump administration had placed travel restrictions on Europe, the importation of the virus and the community spread of the disease had already started in New York City, according to the report. Testing was limited at the start of the epidemic in New York City, which allowed people with undetected cases to spread the virus.

    Trump has repeatedly pointed to his travel bans as evidence that his administration has effectively responded to the pandemic, claiming as recently as Tuesday that “we saved millions, potentially millions of lives.”

    The new study looked at data collected by the New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene between March 1 and 20, the early days of the pandemic in the US. The department announced on March 8 that there was sustained community transmission.

    The department examined specimens taken from people who went to the emergency room with flu-like symptoms. Of the 544 specimens tested, 36, or 6.6%, were positive for the novel coronavirus.

    Doing additional genetic sequencing of the samples, the strain of the virus more closely resembled the one circulating in Europe, rather than the one circulating in China. That means that the novel coronavirus was likely introduced to New York through Europe or by travelers from other US locations, the report said.

    CNN reported in April that two separate research projects started earlier this year also suggested as much, also suggesting the virus may have been circulating in the city earlier than thought.

    There are currently more than 3,497,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus in the US, and the virus has claimed the lives of more than 137,000 Americans, according to data from Johns Hopkins University.
  2. Ashley2583

    Ashley2583 Newbie

    Oct 16, 2020
    Likes Received:
    Studies Show N.Y. Outbreak Originated in Europe
    The C.D.C. outlined how essential employees can go back to work even if they have been exposed. Scientists warn that the virus might not fade in warm weather.

    • Published April 8, 2020Updated May 4, 2020
    This briefing has ended. Follow our live national updates and global coverage on the coronavirus epidemic.

    Coronavirus in New York came mainly from Europe, studies show.

    A masked Statue of Liberty outside a Brooklyn home on Tuesday.Credit...Demetrius Freeman for The New York Times
    Coronavirus in New York came mainly from Europe, studies show.
    New research indicates that the coronavirus began to circulate in the New York area by mid-February, weeks before the first confirmed case, and that it was brought to the region mainly by travelers from Europe, not Asia.

    Continue reading the main story

    “The majority is clearly European,” said Harm van Bakel, a geneticist at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, who co-wrote a study awaiting peer review.

    A separate team at N.Y.U. Grossman School of Medicine came to strikingly similar conclusions, despite studying a different group of cases. Both teams analyzed genomes from coronaviruses taken from New Yorkers starting in mid-March.

    • Unlock more free articles.
    Create an account or log in

    The research revealed a previously hidden spread of the virus that might have been detected if aggressive testing programs had been put in place. On Jan. 31, President Trump barred foreign nationals from entering the country if they had been in China — the site of the virus’s first known outbreak — during the previous two weeks.

    Viruses invade a cell and take over its molecular machinery, causing it to make new viruses. An international guild of viral historians ferrets out the history of outbreaks by poring over clues embedded in the genetic material of viruses taken from thousands of patients.

    Continue reading the main story

    In January, a team of Chinese and Australian researchers published the first genome of the new virus. Since then, researchers around the world have sequenced over 3,000 more. Some are genetically identical to each other, while others carry distinctive mutations.

    Most New York Coronavirus Cases Came From Europe, Genomes Show
    April 8, 2020

    C.D.C. issues new back-to-work guidelines for essential workers.
    detailing how essential employees can go back to work even if they have been exposed to people infected by the coronavirus, provided they do not feel sick and follow certain precautions.

    Those employees can return if they take their temperature before heading to their workplaces, wear a face mask at all times and practice social distancing while on the job, Dr. Robert Redfield, the C.D.C. director, said at the White House briefing. They should not share headsets or other objects that touch their faces, and they should not congregate in break rooms or crowded areas, he said.

    In Trump’s Marathon Briefings, the Answers and the Message Are Often Contradictory
    The president does not need adversaries to dispute his statements. He does that all by himself.
    April 8, 2020

    Dr. Redfield said that employers should send workers home immediately if they developed any symptoms. He also said they should increase air exchange in their buildings and clean common surfaces more often. The goal, he said, was to “get these workers back into the critical work force so that we don’t have worker shortages.”

    The new guidance appears to blend earlier advice. Last week, the C.D.C. recommended that even healthy Americans wear masks in public after data showed as many as 25 percent of people infected with the virus were asymptomatic, at the urging of the White House, businesses, workers and others to kick-start the idled economy.

    Continue reading the main story

    Dr. Deborah Birx, the White House’s coronavirus response coordinator, and other government experts suggested at the briefing that the strict measures being taken by Americans to stem the spread of the virus may be leveling new cases in areas like New York, Detroit, Chicago and Boston.

    Coronavirus Was Slow to Spread to Rural America. Not Anymore.
    A late-arriving wave of illness could overwhelm rural communities that are older, poorer and sicker than much of the country.

    In New York, ‘the bad news is actually terrible.’
    depend not only on the number of new arrivals but also on hospital admission standards.

    “If we stop what we are doing, you will see that curve change,” Mr. Cuomo warned.

    Then he pivoted to a more somber tone. “The bad news isn’t just bad,” he said. “The bad news is actually terrible.”

    Continue reading the main story

    New Jersey also had a record number of deaths in the past day: Gov. Philip D. Murphy said that 275 people had died there, up from 232 on Tuesday. More people have died in New York and New Jersey — a total of 7,772 — than in the rest of the United States combined.

    Mr. Cuomo said that the staggering death toll could continue to rise even as hospitalization rates were falling, because it reflected people who had been on ventilators for long periods of time.

    Virus Is Twice as Deadly for Black and Latino People Than Whites in N.Y.C.
    April 8, 2020

    He expressed reluctance to offer a timeline on when social gatherings could begin again, when he was asked about New York’s theater industry, which will remain shuttered until at least June. “I wouldn’t use what Broadway thinks as a barometer of anything,” he said.

    New York State now has more confirmed cases than any single country in the world outside of the United States.

    live updates from the domestic center of the outbreak.

    The virus might not fade in warm weather, scientists warn.

    Continue reading the main story

    The homebound and virus-wary across the Northern Hemisphere, be it Mr. Trump or cooped-up schoolchildren, have clung to the possibility that the pandemic will fade in hot weather, as some viral diseases do.

    But the National Academy of Sciences, in a public report sent to the White House, has said, in effect: Don’t get your hopes up. After reviewing a variety of research reports, the panel concluded that the number of studies, of varying quality of evidence, simply do not offer a clear forecast of what will happen to the spread of the coronavirus in the summer.

    research is too inconclusive to rely on for predicting a summer break from contagion.

    The report cited a small number of well-controlled laboratory studies that show that high temperature and humidity can diminish the ability of the virus to survive in the environment. But the report noted the studies had limitations that made them less than conclusive.

    “Given that countries currently in ‘summer’ climates, such as Australia and Iran, are experiencing rapid virus spread, a decrease in cases with increases in humidity and temperature elsewhere should not be assumed,” the report stated.

    Covid in the U.S.: Latest Map and Case Count
    A detailed county map shows the extent of the coronavirus outbreak, with tables of the number of cases by county.

    Homes for disabled people experience a surge in coronavirus cases.
    Continue reading the main story

    As the coronavirus preys on the most vulnerable, it is taking root in New York’s sprawling network of group homes for people with special needs. As of Monday, 1,100 developmentally disabled residents in New York State have tested positive for coronavirus, and 105 have died, state officials said, a death rate far higher than in the general population.

    Latest Updates: The Coronavirus Outbreak

    27h ago
    Talks on broad relief are stuck as time runs short, Pelosi says, while Senate Republicans plan narrow bills.

    29h ago
    A frozen yogurt shop in Colorado offered maskless customers a 10 percent discount. Uproar ensued.

    32h ago
    An infection at Pope Francis’ residence adds to concerns for his safety.

    More live coverage: Markets
    Separately, a study by a large consortium of private service providers found that residents of group homes and similar facilities in New York City and surrounding areas were 5.34 times more likely than the general population to develop Covid-19 and 4.86 times more likely to die from it.

    A caregiver on Staten Island, who said about 50 colleagues had tested positive, described the challenges faced by those remaining on the job.

    “One of the individuals here is positive, and his behavior is to get up, to pace, and he wants to give me a hug, shake my hand,” the caregiver said, asking that his name not be used because he was not authorized to speak.

    “They have a hard time realizing that they need to be isolated, and the psychologists aren’t coming out and talking to him,” he added. “We don’t have training for this. We’re just learning on the fly.”

    describe the unique difficulties of working with populations who have a hard time grasping the need for isolation.


Share This Page